Stanford Social Innovation Review : Informing and inspiring leaders of social change




Articles on social change from the latest edition of SSIR


Spring 2011

Volume 9, Number 2

One of the questions that social entrepreneurs confront early is whether to incorporate as a for-profit, a nonprofit, or something in between. In the spring 2011 issue of Stanford Social Innovation Review we feature two articles that tackle that subject. The first, “For Love or Lucre,” provides a series of questions that helps social entrepreneurs think through this issue. The second; “A New Type of Hybrid,” explains the ins-and-outs of organizations that combine for-profit and nonprofit legal structures.

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Picking Green Tech’s Winners and Losers

Unless clean tech follows well-established rules of innovation and commercialization, the industry’s promise to provide sustainable sources of energy will fail.

By Clayton M. Christensen, Suman ("Shuman") Talukdar, Richard Alton, & Michael B. Horn | 8


Letting Go

Two insiders explore why foundations micromanage how social problems are solved and explore what grant makers can do to foster high impact strategies.

By Kristi Kimball & Malka Kopell | 4

Social Entrepreneurship

For Love or Lucre

A veteran social entrepreneur provides a guide to those who are thinking through the thorny question of whether to create a nonprofit, a for-profit, or something in between.

By Jim Fruchterman | 23

Social Entrepreneurship

A New Type of Hybrid

Social entrepreneurs have taken the hybrid model to a new level, crafting it into a single structure that can operate as both a for-profit and a nonprofit.

By Allen R. Bromberger | 9

What's Next


Socially Responsible Business

Retailing with Heart

At Panera Cares cafés, there’s a donation box where customers pay on the honor system.

By Suzie Boss | 10

Impact Investing

A Toniic for Start-Ups

Impact Investors at Toniic aim to create an ecosystem for investing in social entrepreneurs that mirrors the Silicon Valley way of doing deals.

By Suzie Boss | 1

Technology & Design

City Hall 2.0

Code for America enlists young tech talents in a year of service at city halls across the country.

By Suzie Boss

Economic Development

In India, Banking of Self-Service

New micro-deposit ATMs are being deployed to reach India's unbanked.

By Suzie Boss

Field Report

Human Rights

Under One Roof

One-stop centers offer a safer future for victims of domestic violence.

By Suzie Boss | 1

Socially Responsible Business

More than Beans

Sustainable Harvest grows a new supply chain.

By Brandon Keim

Human Rights

Positive Distraction Workforce

Habitat International has grown its bottom line using a largely disabled workforce.

By Meredith May

Case Study


Social Entrepreneurship

Better Vision for the Poor

Several social enterprises are attempting to provide eyeglasses to the 500 million to 1 billion poor people who need them. Why haven’t any of the organizations succeeded on a large scale?

By Aneel Karnani, Bernard Garrette, Jordan Kassalow, & Moses Lee | 10



Civil Society

It Takes Three to Tango

A European perspective on American civil society. A quick glance at the latest
thinking about not-for-profit management and philanthropy
reveals some profound differences between the ways American and
European practitioners look at today’s major societal challenges.

By Johan Van de Gronden | 6

Nonprofit Management

Increasing Civic Reach

Nonprofits must have influential board members who connect them to the communities they serve.

By Paul Vandeventer | 7

Socially Responsible Business

Beyond the Purple Berry

Sambazon’s commitment to social entrepreneurship creates a fair market for farmers in the Amazon

By Ryan Black & Jeremy Black

Economic Development

Building Bridges

Ending poverty is beyond the reach of any single sector or actor

By Neil Ghosh


Civil Society

Online Gaming Is the New Bowling League

A recent study showed that online game communities provide access to social capital.

By Jessica Ruvinsky


Money Makes People Stingy

The more money a person has, the less generous, helpful, compassionate, and charitable he is toward other people.

By Jessica Ruvinsky

Economic Development

Welfare Works Better than Bootstraps

In Britain, the social safety net allows people who fall into poverty to pull themselves out. Americans who become poor are more likely to stay that way.

By Jessica Ruvinsky

Socially Responsible Business

Turning a Profit by Helping the Poor

Politically radical social workers didn’t expect to be working in a bank any more than white-collar bankers expected to be holding meetings in a crowded public market.

By Jessica Ruvinsky


Economic Influence

Private foundations that finance education in developing countries need to be more transparent in their mission and impact.

By Jessica Ruvinsky


Combining Warmth and Competence

People tend to perceive organizations as being either warm or competent, not both—and they are much more likely to do business with the competent one.

By Jessica Ruvinsky


How Religion Divides
and Unites Us
Robert D. Putnam & David
E. Campbell

Civil Society

One Nation Under Gods

American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us by Robert D. Putnam & David E. Campbell

Reviewed By Rhys H. Williams
How Peer Pressure
Can Transform the
Tina Rosenberg

Civil Society

People Power

Join the Club: How Peer Pressure Can Transform the World by Tina Rosenberg

Reviewed By Peter Walker
CHANGE: How to
Solve the World’s
Toughest Problems
Paul C. Light

Social Entrepreneurship

Who Are the Change Makers?

Driving Social Change: How to Solve the World’s Toughest Problems by Paul C. Light

Reviewed By Vanessa Kirsch
20UNDER40 Edited by Edward P. Clapp


Passing the Mic

20Under40: Re-Inventing the Arts and Arts Education for the 21st Century Edited by Edward P. Clapp

Reviewed By Marc Vogl
Philanthropy That
Gets Results
Tom Tierney & Joel L.

Individual Giving

Think Hard

Give Smart: Philanthropy That Gets Results by Tom Tierney & Joel L. Fleishman

Reviewed By Melissa A. Berman



Technology & Design

Richard Jefferson

Richard Jefferson believes that biotechnology can be used to benefit the poor and disenfranchised, but only if the R&D process is democratized.

By Johanna Mair